The World of Genetic Conditions: Unraveling the Mysteries

Cystic Fibrosis:

Affecting the respiratory and digestive systems, this condition is caused by mutations in the CFTR gene.

Down Syndrome:

Caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21, Down syndrome manifests with developmental delays and distinct physical features.

Sickle Cell Anemia:

An inherited blood disorder, this condition results from mutations in the HBB gene, leading to abnormal hemoglobin.

Hemophilia:

A genetic disorder impairing blood clotting, hemophilia is usually inherited and affects males more often than females.

Huntington's Disease:

Caused by a mutation in the HTT gene, this neurodegenerative disorder affects motor and cognitive functions.

Muscular Dystrophy:

A group of disorders characterized by progressive muscle weakness, often due to mutations in dystrophin genes.

Thalassemia:

An inherited blood disorder, thalassemia results in abnormal hemoglobin production, leading to anemia.

Phenylketonuria (PKU):

A metabolic disorder caused by mutations in the PAH gene, resulting in the inability to metabolize phenylalanine.

Neurofibromatosis:

A genetic disorder causing tumors to form on nerve tissue, impacting the nervous system.

Marfan Syndrome:

A connective tissue disorder, Marfan syndrome is often characterized by tall stature and cardiovascular issues.

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